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Shares For The Company

Types of Shares

The company’s capital is divided into shares. Each share forms a unit of ownership of an organization and is offered for sale to raise capital for the corporate. A share represents a unit of equity ownership in an organization. Shareholders are entitled to any profits that the company could earn in the type of dividends. They’re additionally the bearers of any losses that the corporate could face. In simple words, if you're a shareowner of an organization, you hold a part of the ownership of the issuing company in proportion to the shares you've bought.

Kinds of Shares

  1. Equity shares
  2. Preference shares

(1) Equity shares: These are also referred to as ordinary shares and comprise the majority of the shares being issued by a particular company. Equity shares are transferable and traded actively by investors in stock markets. As an equity stockholder, you're not only entitled to the right to vote on company issues but even the right to receive dividends.

These dividends aren't fixed. Equity shareholders conjointly participate in any losses faced by the corporate, limited to the amount they had invested:

Equity shares can be additional divided in:

(a)Share capital



(a) Classification of Equity Shares based on Share Capital:

Authorized Share Capital: each company, in its MOA, needs to dictate the utmost quantity of capital that may be raised by issuing equity shares. The limit, however, is multiplied by paying extra fees with the completion of legal procedures.

Issued Share Capital: This implies the required portion of the company’s capital that has been offered to investors through the issue of equity shares. For example, if the nominal value of 1 stock is Rs. two hundred and therefore the company issues twenty thousand equity shares, the issued share capital will be Rs. forty lakh.

Subscribed Share Capital: The portion of the issued capital, that has been subscribed by investors is known as subscribed capital

Paid-Up Capital: the number of cash paid by investors for holding the company’s stocks is known as paid-up capital. As investors pay the whole quantity promptly, paid-up and subscribed capital refers to the constant quantity. 

(b)Classification of Equity Shares based on Definition

Bonus Shares: The bonus share definition implies those extra stocks that are issued to existing shareholders free-of-cost, or as a bonus.

Rights Shares: Right shares mean that a corporation will offer new shares to its existing shareholders - at a selected price and within a selected period - before being offered for sale in stock markets.

Sweat Equity Shares: If as an employee of the corporation, you've created a major contribution, the corporation will reward you by supplying equity shares.

Voting and Non-Voting Shares: though the majority of shares carry voting rights, the corporation can make an exception and issue differential or zero voting rights to shareholders. 

(c) Classification of Equity Shares based on Returns

Dividend Shares: a company can opt to pay dividends in the form of issuing new shares, on a pro-rata basis.

Growth Shares: These kinds of shares are related to corporations that have extraordinary growth rates. Whereas such corporations may not give dividends, the worth of their stocks will increase rapidly, thereby providing capital gains to investors.

Value Shares: These kinds of shares are traded in stock markets at a price minimum than their intrinsic price. Investors will expect the price to increase over a while, so providing them with a better share price. 

(2) Preference shares

Preferential shareholders receive preference in receiving profits of a corporation as compared to ordinary shareholders. Also, in the event of liquidation of a particular company, the preferential shareholders are paid off before ordinary shareholders.

Here Are The Various Forms Of Sharing In This Category:

Cumulative and Non-Cumulative Preference Shares: in this case of cumulative Preference shares, if a selected company doesn’t declare an annual dividend, the profit is carried forward to succeeding F.Y. Non-cumulative shares do not provide for receiving outstanding dividends advantages.

Participating/Non-Participating Preference Share: participating shares enable shareholders to receive surplus profits, after the payment of dividends by the corporate. This can be over and above the receipt of dividends. Non-participating shares carry no such advantages, except for the regular receipt of dividends.

Convertible/Non-Convertible Preference Shares: Convertible shares will be regenerated into equity shares, after meeting the requisite stipulations by the company’s Article of Association (AoA), whereas non-convertible shares carry no such advantages.

Redeemable/Irredeemable Preference Share: a corporation will repurchase or claim redeemable preference shares at a decided price and time. These forms of shares have a maturity date. Irredeemable shares, on the other hand, don't have any such conditions.

From a Point of Investor in Shares

If you purchase a share in an organization, you're becoming a partner in the business. As a shareholder, and have the option of owning equity in the company, the amount of investment you earn is dependent on the performance or lack thereof of the business itself. Businesses may offer dividends to shareholders or choose to invest profits in additional growth.

The Advantages That Come From Investing In Shares

  • Part-ownership in a company
  • Real-time trading throughout the day, with limited orders being available even if markets are closed
  • Dividends can be used as income or to purchase more shares
  • The ability to vote on crucial company verdicts

Things To Think About When Selecting Stocks And Shares

It usually requires an extensive amount of research and analysis to build a confident portfolio of shares. Here are some things to think about before deciding to invest in shares:

Diversification - If you are thinking of buying shares be sure that you have a mixture of other investment options and assets that are already in place.

Research thoroughly- Utilize the investment factsheets to study balance sheets and income statements to gain a better understanding of the financials of the business. Stay informed with regulatory news feeds from the company (RNS) feeds, as well as reports.

Find the truth - Important details will be included in the financial statements and factsheets available online.

Tax-efficient allowances – Are you making the most of tax-efficient allowances you have through opening a Stocks and Shares ISA first? If you've already utilized the ISA allowances, then you can continue to invest in shares via Our Investment Account.